Lydenburg, which means 'place of suffering', was established in 1850 to commemorate the suffering of a little town called Andries-Ohrigstad, which was wiped out by malaria.
The Voortrekkers who survived the malaria endemic were forced to leave Andries-Ohrigstad and moved to a town further south which they named Lydenburg. Lydenburg still has some leftover relics of Voortrekker life, including the first school and the first Dutch Reformed Church.
The mining of chrome, gold and platinum plays an important role in the economy of Lydenburg today, as well as its agricultural industry. The town is also the chief soya bean growing area of South Africa and an important tobacco, grain, wool and cotton growing region.
The area around Lydenburg has many streams and rivers which are well stocked with Trout. Fishermen can try their luck in these famous waters.